There are mainly two types of mortgages – fixed rate mortgage and adjustable rate mortgage (ARM). With fixed rate mortgages, interest rates do not change with time. But in the case of adjustable rate mortgages, the interest rates are adjusted at certain intervals. Mortgage loan rates greatly differ with state, lending company, loan amount, value of the security, credit rating of the buyer and the type of the loan.
Mortgage loan rates are governed primarily by the Federal Reserve Board. So, if the board changes the interest rates, the mortgage lenders should adjust their interest rates accordingly. Mortgage loan rates are also influenced by many market and economic factors such as inflation. Generally, lower mortgage loan rates can be availed if you pay a down payment of 20% or more of the loan amount. On the other hand, if you pay a down payment of 5% or less of the loan amount, you may only qualify for a higher interest loan.
Generally, the mortgage loan rates fall somewhere between 5% and 13%. Long term loans have slightly higher interest rates than short-term loans; usually the difference is below 1%. Loan rates also differ with mortgage loan types such as commercial loans, FHA loans, VA loans, home equity loans, home improvement loans, and bad credit/sub prime mortgage loans. First mortgage loan rates are usually lower than those of second mortgages.
Many Internet sites provide comparison and reviews of different mortgage loan rates offered by lenders. Most mortgage lenders update their records and rates daily. Many Internet sites also provide mortgage rate calculators, which help you calculate the exact interest rates and monthly payment amounts. These Internet sites also provide information on loan securing points, closing costs and fees, monthly installments, and penalties.